Return to Text. Indeed, in the 1920s, he even received the posthumous honor of tying for second place in a retrospective assessment of the IQs of three hundred noted geniuses in world history. [20] Quote by Emer de Vattel in Essai sur le Fondement du Droit Naturel. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? In 1618 Maurice, using his military powers in a coup d’état, ordered the arrest of Arminian leaders. He argues that, although sovereigns could not have bilateral rights, their subordinates could, so that belligerents in the field of battle could be both lawful and just. Hugo Grotius, On the Law of War and Peace, edited and annotated by Stephen C. Neff (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012). In Paris, Grotius began his legal writing, and, in 1625, produced De jure belli ac pacis, translated as "Concerning the Law of War and Peace." Indeed, the concept of God is reduced merely to the figure of "Creator.” God, for Grotius, is essentially one who has inscribed his principles in nature and has completely left it to its own inertia and foundational rules. [22]Supra note 1, Hugo Grotius,The Law of War and Peace. In this book Christoph Stumpf investigates theological influences upon the legal theory of Hugo Grotius (1583-1645), who is regarded by many as the "father of modern international law". He also developed a theory of crime and punishment, which he used to characterize certain wars as just punishment for crimes committed by independent powers, including states. Return to Text. Return to Text. 2); and, second, that the right to trade or navigation is legitimate not by virtue of it being a norm of objective justice, but because it was a moral faculty over a thing (an anticipation of his theory of rights in The Law of War and Peace BookI. He states that “the law of nature indeed authorizes our making such acquisitions in a just war, as may be deemed an equivalent for a debt, which cannot otherwise be obtained, or as may inflict a loss upon the aggressor, provided it be within the bounds of reasonable punishment.”  In the same way, he insists that retaliation “must be directly enforced upon the person of the delinquent himself.” In addition, Grotius emphasizes that all actions performed during warfare and until its conclusion, should be proportional. Posted by Roger Beckett on July 27, 2015 at 01:26 PM | Permalink, « Alfred Thayer Mahan, The Interest of America in Sea Power, Present and Future (1897), John Maynard Keynes, The Economic Consequences of the Peace (1919) », http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/grotius-the-rights-of-war-and-peace-2005-ed-3-vols, http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/grotius-the-free-sea-hakluyt-trans, http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/grotius/, http://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/001747847, The Geopolitics of the Civil War; Upton and the Root Reforms, New to CSD: C.E. The introduction or Prolegomena holds the highest interest for scholars, for it is here that Grotius articulates and defends the philosophical foundations of his thought. His first exposure to public service came in 1598, at age fifteen, when he formed part of a Dutch diplomatic mission to King Henry IV of France. Tuck, Richard. Return to Text. A brilliant student, Grotius attended the University of Leiden, received a law degree at the age of fifteen, and was admitted to the bar and began his legal practice at Delft in 1599. [39] W.S.M. Return to Text. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Return to Text. He was able to work rapidly and finished the text in a year. Premium Membership is now 50% off! (Prolegomena, 11.). At the time, the Dutch war of independence from Spain was taking place. Callwell, Small Wars: Their Principles and Practice (1896), Cornelius Tacitus, Agricola (circa 98 AD), Henry Kissinger, A World Restored: Metternich, Castlereagh and the Problems of Peace, 1812-1822 (1957), Christine de Pizan, The Book of Deeds of Arms and of Chivalry (circa 1410), Bhagavad Gita (3rd Century BC- 3rd Century AD), Immanuel Kant, Perpetual Peace: A Philosophic Sketch (1795), Jimmy Carter, Commencement Address at Notre Dame University (May 1977). Grotius believed that only wars with just causes should be allowed. Updates? But dominion is a just or lawful power to use a common thing...” Hugo Grotius, The Free Sea, 20-21. [26] An event or action that justifies a war. [3] According to Stephen Neff, the leading English-language biography of Grotius is still W. S. M. Knight, The Life and Works of Hugo Grotius (London: Sweet and Maxwell, 1925).This biographical sketch relies heavily on it. Grotius, Hugo Hugo Grotius.